These are very common in English. Identify the underlined section either as a gerund, participle, infinitive or prepositional phrase in the sentence below. Gardening is my favorite leisure activity. •Select its sentence function. PRACTICING WITH PHRASES WORKSHEET. Points to remember: 1. Present Participle (Gerund) To form a progressive tense, use the appropriate tense of the verb estar immediately in front of the gerund, e. subject + verb + preposition + gerund I apologized for being late yesterday. She complains bullying. See if you can name the type of phrase in square brackets in each sentence below. As a part of a sentence, it functions like an adverb or adjective. is the subject of the sentence. Therefore, a gerund can be easily spotted in a sentence since it takes the function of a subject. Whether you're an ESL student looking to practice English, or an ESL teacher looking for printables/ handouts for the classroom, check out our list of topics below. The gerund phrase completes the being verb "is. What is the gerund/gerund phrase in the. No verb = no sentence. Present participles are used as adjectives whereas gerunds as used as nouns. About This Quiz & Worksheet. Participles, Gerunds and Infinitives One of the more confusing practices in English grammar involves the use of verbals (participles, gerunds and infinitives), which are words that look like verbs but that function as nouns, adjectives, or. The owner of the building supply store doesn't mind _____ his customers discounts when they buy large quantities. First, the whole gerund phrase begins with the definite article, “the. Gerunds often follow prepositions in sentences. 8) Quiz 4 - Infinitive of Purposes: in order to (Chart 2. gerund phrase c. Present participles are used as adjectives whereas gerunds as used as nouns. (The other two are participles and infinitives. Compare the verbals in these two sentences:. (Before doing the exercises you may want to read the lesson on the gerund ). Infinitives Quiz 1. We'll take a look at the other verbs in this lesson. For example, Smoking is injurious to health and causes cancer. An infinitive phrase is the infinitive and its modifiers:. Click here for a quiz. So a gerund phrase is a phrase that contains an ‘ing” word, with some modifiers in some cases. gerund phrase = function = 5. I am trying to recover my lost coins in the drain. Jumping over the fence, the. " "ReadTheory is a valuable tool for helping kids grow as readers. is the subject of the sentence. Because their function is that of a noun, gerunds may be used as the subject of a sentence: Running regularly will make you feel better. The gerund form of a verb looks exactly like the present participle, but they function differently in a sentence. Chapter 2 — The Prepositional Phrase Prepositional Phrases add detail, description and vividness to writing. This quiz/worksheet combo assesses your understanding of gerunds and gerund phrases. gerund phrase acting as indirect object 8. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). In this sentence, “turning the light on” is a gerund. (gerund as object). Point out the present participles and gerunds in the following sentences. Directions: Underline verbs and verb phrases and circle gerunds. On Monday's quiz students will be identifying the subjects and predicates of their sentence. the narrator drinks an orange crush as the family drives laetitia to the border. This page provides examples of gerunds in the passive voice. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. No sign-up required. Grammar-Quizzes: The College of San Mateo maintains this grammar check site that has information, worksheets and quizzes which focus on gerunds. You may also like science worksheets examples for students. (gerund phrase as the object of a preposition). "Gerund," as a grammatical term, is used in many languages to identify different types of specific word usage. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn. A gerund is a verb ending with –ing, but, it works as a noun and can act as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence. Gerund or Infinitive - a fifteen question quiz, the keyboard may be used to answer multiple choice questions Gerunds or Infinitives - lesson plus ten question quiz Interactive Phrase Quiz1 - Identify the correct choice in each question - pop-up windows must be enabled to do this quiz. Take this QUIZ and then the Free Audio Lesson below to make sure you understand the difference between REMEMBER and FORGET with GERUND or INFINITIVE. Gerunds and Infinitives. (object of a preposition) A gerund phraseconsists of a gerund and related words. Gerund phrases include a gerund, which are verbs ending in -ing. (The gerund phrase is the direct object of finished). Verbs and Gerunds Lesson - An animated slide show lesson teaching about verbs, verb phrases, and gerunds. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of. " Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. Identifying Gerunds in a Sentence. Gerunds Diagnostic Quiz. For example: Eating blackberries without washing them will make you ill. They are afraid of (swim) in the sea. I know a great little restaurant 9. The puppies were cute, but very messy. Identifying Gerunds in a Sentence. Checked gerund/participle phrase WS. My hobby, skiing in Colorado, is awesome. Select the incorrect use of a gerund in a sentence. Gerunds, Participles, Infinitives (English I Writing). Participles, verbs that act as adjectives, can end in "ing", too. (predicate nominative) She was scolded for swimming. hogwash 'nonsense, balderdash'. TRENDING NOW. Writing is a necessary part of college. “Cooking” is the object of the preposition “of” and is used like a noun. Whether you're an ESL student looking to practice English, or an ESL teacher looking for printables/ handouts for the classroom, check out our list of topics below. Gerund Practice Quiz 1. Verbal Phrases Recognition Quiz. People remain confused between gerund and participle because of their similarities. A gerund phrase is a group of words beginning with a gerund and including any modifiers to that gerund. There may be more than one. Is the Gerund subject or object in the sentence in an exercise. (gerund phrase as the object of a preposition). Quiz 236 - 240 Parts of the Sentence - Verbals. You should give up (smoke). This quiz/worksheet is designed to measure your understanding of gerund phrases. A phrase is a group of words that forms a unit simpler than a sentence. For ESL learners. Gerund Phrases Quiz Instructions We will be adding a new expectation to increase the academic rigor of our sentence composing quizzes. gerund phrase c. ” or even “I go to the gym to swim everyday. Andrew Rich / Vetta / Getty Images You have a great understanding of which verbs are followed by infinitives and which are followed by gerunds. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 02. A gerund phrase is a group of words that includes a gerund and other words that complete its meaning. ” The gerund is acting particularly nouny in this sentence, on three counts. When in doubt, use a dictionary! A Special Sale: 25% Off on All Really Learn English Products. a) including b) being included c) to include d) to be included 2. My friend is good playing volleyball. The basics of gerund phrases, and how gerund phrases can act in a sentence. As the object of a sentence, gerunds and infinitives are usually not interchangeable. Business English Pod's Advanced English Grammar ESL Lesson - ING Forms & Gerunds video; Capital Community College Foundation's Gerunds and Infinitives: Their Noun Roles information and exercises; Capital Community College Foundation's Verb Lists: Infinitives and Gerunds information. Forming Gerunds - lesson and practice; Gerund or Infinitive - a fifteen question quiz, the keyboard may be used to answer multiple choice questions. Select the correct form, either infinitive or gerund, in the following sentences. A vocabulary list featuring Keystone Exams: English Composition Glossary. It's made up of the gerund running and the direct object marathons. Some verbs can take both gerunds and infinitives, with only a slight difference in the meaning (as explained in Part I above). (f) I look forward to going home next month. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 04. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). Forming Gerunds : Bergen Community College maintains this very useful website that has easy-to-understand instructional ideas and online exercises to practice gerund comprehension. Take the Advanced English quiz. Many different types of phrases can be used to build sentences. He studied for the test. Complete multiple-choice gerunds and infinitives test covering all uses. We cannot use an object pronoun to modify a noun; instead we use a possessive adjective (my). Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. tennis → INCORRECT: I enjoy. Gerunds function as nouns in the sentence. Phrases serve as a single part of speech. Practice English gerunds and infinitives. It is however difficult to identify a gerund since it is often confused with present participles and other words ending in 'ing'. In the gerund phrase above: Eating is the gerund. "ReadTheory is a great program. In most translations, the closest thing would be the infinitivo ( infinitive ). Peter always puts off cleaning his room. (Find) a parking space is quite difficult in this area. Infinitive Phrase - "I love to bake cakes. Gerunds are words that are formed as verbs, but used as nouns. Here is an example of a gerund in the subject position: Brushing your hair prevents it from tangling. It's made up of the gerund running and the direct object marathons. The gerund will fill a noun slot (subject, direct object, object of preposition, etc. Subject: the gerund in this example acts as the subject. (predicate nominative) She was scolded for swimming. Gerund Phrase, Infinitive Phrases, Gerund Exercise, Gerund Definition, Gerund Example, Gerund Use, Study Quiz, Gerund Present Participle, English Grammar Good Things Happen Daily! Study English, Exercises, TOEFL Lessons, English Language Schools in USA, UK. They should be able to look at the verbs. Spanish Gerund - Irregular Verbs in progressive tense On this page you are going to learn the Gerund or Present Participle of several irregular verbs like: venir, pedir, sentir, poder, morir etc. It is formed by adding the suffix -ing to the stem of the verb. de/ Gerund as subject or object - Exercise. Here is an example of a gerund in the subject position: Brushing your hair prevents it from tangling. Phrase Quiz. gerund phrase = function = 7. It can be tricky to remember which verbs are followed by the infinitive (the to form) of the verb and which are followed by the gerund (the ing form) of the verb. Choose the correct and most accurate statement. verb objectenjoy I enjoy working for the people. ) Use a comma to avoid confusion. For each question, choose the correct sentence. [gerund phrase as object of the preposition in] PARTICIPIAL PHRASE Present participles, verbals ending in -ing , and past participles, verbals that end in -ed (for regular verbs) or other forms (for irregular verbs), are combined with complements and modifiers and become part of important phrasal structures. Don't bother me; I'm working. instructure. GERUND USAGE 1. You scored 100 points out of 100 points total. May 18, 2009 · Do you fully understand English gerund? These tests will help you to learn, review, and refresh your knowledge about English gerund. Each test contains 10 questions. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This consists of the verb together with its objects and other complements and modifiers. Mar 06, 2014 · Verb Phrase Examples: Everyday Grammar March 6, 2014 by Will Gemma Many people who speak and write with admirable grammar would not know how to answer the question, “What is a verb phrase?”. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun. A gerund virtually never requires any punctuation with it. Gerund Phrases Quiz Instructions We will be adding a new expectation to increase the academic rigor of our sentence composing quizzes. Advertisements. [gerund phrase functions as a noun = object of the verb. Apr 30, 2013 · A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. Each group writes a sentence for each verb on its cards, then quizzes each other orally, using the cards. Homework: Complete all worksheets on gerunds. Use the study links to find out why a particular answer is correct or incorrect. This is a speed game. Many different types of phrases can be used to build sentences. She believes in GIVING HER WHOLE HEART. The gerund of the verb 'read' is 'reading'. Gerund/Participle Recognition Quiz. Gerunds, Participles, Infinitives (English I Writing). Katie, searching, found the tent. Verb Charades. This lesson will focus only on how to reduce them to gerund phrases. Some verbs take only an infinitive. GrammarQuiz. A gerund is a verb that acts like a noun. A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and does not contain both a predicate and its subject. (drive) becomes more and more expensive. enjoy in the phrase "He enjoyed eating") When finished, tell your students to try to retell the story to a partner from their memory. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced. The preposition works in conjunction with its object to form the prepositional phrase, as seen below: EXAMPLE: We sat around the blazing campfire. Identify specific English grammar points that need review. The yellow-card holders write down verbs followed by a (pro)noun and infinitive. Exercise on Gerund. All the answers are correct. And you’ve learned others that must be followed by gerunds. Verbs with prepositions followed by gerunds (162. Gerunds or Infinitives - lesson plus ten question quiz. The first gerund has a subject complement (ill); the second gerund has a direct object (days). We explain how a verbal phrase tells us what is going on in a sentence and how a gerund acts like a noun a. Gerunds are specifically placed in the noun position of a sentence whereas present participles are placed with the verb phrase, usually as modifiers. For this gerund phrases practice worksheet, students discover what gerunds are as they read an informative lesson. A gerund phrase is a phrase that begins with a gerund, and functions as a noun. (Get) a good job is not easy. Verbals: Gerunds, Participles, Infinitives (English I Writing) Using Gerunds and Gerund Phrases. subject + verb + preposition + gerund I apologized for being late yesterday. Complete the sentences with the gerund form of the verbs in parentheses. You’ve learned some common verbs that must be followed by infinitives. If there are any adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases, verbals, or verbal phrases then tell what word they modify. At times a noun can be added to a gerund and form a compound word. Identify the appropriate use of gerund and participial phrases. Meaning and use. Here are 11 rules to understand gerunds with examples. We are dedicated to creating and providing free, high-quality English language learning resources. My teacher advised studying for the quiz. Directions: Decide if the verb below is followed by a verb in the infinitive form or in the gerund form. " Hester's hobby is gardening on her rooftop. (The other two are participles and infinitives. Present Simple Versus Present. For ESL learners. Gerunds and infinitives exercises PDF worksheets, online exercises and grammar rules. (Get) a good job is not easy. You can replace a gerund with the word it and the sentence would still make sense. It stands "absolutely" by itself, having no direct. These verbals are important in phrases. " Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. Grammar-Quizzes › Verb Phrases › Verb Complements › Gerunds › Gerund Diagnotic Quiz. Oct 04, 2019 · A gerund is a verb that ends in “-ing,” whereas a gerund phrase is the same thing but with modifiers or complements added in. " The gerund phrase completes the being verb "is" and restates the subject. Phrases that include verbals are gerund phrases, participial phrases, and infinitive phrases. May 25, 2018 · 1. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. This is a free intermediate English grammar quiz and esl worksheet. The terms and definitions included in this list are intended to assist Pennsylvania educators an students in better understanding the Keystone Assessment Anchors and Eligible Content. Paul finished painting the ceiling. Recognizing gerunds and gerund phrases and their functions in sentences: •Click the gerund in the following sentences to see the whole gerund phrase. (A gerund phrase always starts with the gerund. Played 1,632 times. gerund types of indefinite articles participle common adverbs. Show all questions <= => I saw him LYING ON THE BEACH. Determine whether the underlined infinitive phrases are nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Gerunds and Infinitives Some Important Rules The form of the verb that ends in -ing is called a Gerund when used as a noun. Previous 2/7 Next Please select an option Choose the TRUE statement. Here is an example of a gerund in the subject position: Brushing your hair prevents it from tangling. Clause/Phrase Recognition Game. These verbals are important in phrases. So, scroll on to freshen up those skills, or to get the good feeling you know so well—the shine that attends acing a quiz. (Film seyretmek kitap okumaktan daha kolaydır. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. A gerund (or gerund phrase) can be the subject of a sentence. As you elicit the verb forms, write the main verbs on the board in either the verb + infinitive or verb + gerund column. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. Example sentences: The park is a good place for running. If the verbal is a participle, write the noun that it is modifying. We cannot use. The gerund as a subject complement. An infinitive phrase is a noun phrase with an infinitive as its head. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. 3 is the longest of all symphonies. I know people who are obsessed with eating all the time. Quiz(gerunds) 1. Take this QUIZ and then the Free Audio Lesson below to make sure you understand the difference between REMEMBER and FORGET with GERUND or INFINITIVE. Gerunds function as nouns in the sentence. It can take on the role of a subject, direct object, subject complement, and object of preposition. Present participles A present participle is most commonly used as part of the continuous form of a verb, after verbs of perception, after verbs of movement, or as an adjective. About This Quiz & Worksheet. For this gerund phrases practice worksheet, students discover what gerunds are as they read an informative lesson. A gerund is a prepositional phrase. At this point, you may have already guessed the rule for using gerunds or infinitives in prepositional phrases: Rule 5) If a verb is a prepositional object, it should be a gerund, not an infinitive. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. The gerund of the verb 'read' is 'reading'. But you can also reduce some noun clauses to gerund phrases. 6] Gerund Phrases. In the blank, label S=subject, DO = direct object, IO = indirect object, PN = predicate nominative, OP = object of preposition. a) including b) being included c) to include d) to be included 2. So a gerund phrase is a phrase that contains an ‘ing” word, with some modifiers in some cases. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sent. These phrases function as units and can do anything that a noun can do. The gerund will fill a noun slot (subject, direct object, object of preposition, etc. The phrase "prescriptively correct" means that other possibilities might be acceptable in informal writing or speech, but the prescriptively correct option would be most recommended for formal, academic writing. Clause or Phrase Type Quiz. Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Apr 20, 2015 · Explanation: The verb read is the main word in the verb phrase reading books which is the prepositional object for of. Gerunds as subjects: Reading is relaxing. Verbs and Gerunds Lesson - An animated slide show lesson teaching about verbs, verb phrases, and gerunds. A gerund (or gerund phrase) can be the subject of a sentence. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. Box Gerund 2. is the subject of the sentence. They can also function as subjects, direct / indirect objects, predicate nominatives or objects of a preposition. Gerund exercises and answers, phrase, infinitives, gerund for kids, gerund quiz in english grammar Definitions and Examples of Grammar in English - English Grammar for Teachers - General English Question and Answer - English Interview Quiz - General English for TNPSC Exams. They are fragments that usually do not stand alone, except in commands like "At once!". She complains bullying. So, it is possible to use both infinitives and gerunds as subjects, but gerunds are much more commonly used as subjects. Verbs, Verb Phrases, and Gerunds Lesson 2 - This is a revision of the above PowerPoint lesson covering verbs, verb phrases, and gerunds. Test: Writing Effective Sentences 9. enjoy in the phrase "He enjoyed eating") When finished, tell your students to try to retell the story to a partner from their memory. Grammar Exercises - Gerunds Do the exercises below on the gerund and click on the button to check your answers. Gerund Phrases A gerund will often be at the head a gerund phrase. Click here for a quiz. Congratulations - you have completed Interactive Phrase Quiz #2. I give them a verb, like "bark" and then they decide to write a sentence with a gerund, participle, or infinitive in it. Bookmark this site now or get our Android App from Google Play Store. The concepts of the participle, gerund and infinitive can all be taught within a few quick lessons. A participial phrase consists of a participle together with its modifiers and compliments. Discuss Close Read of “My Friend Douglass” & Short Response. A gerund phrase is a present participle (and its modifiers) that acts like a noun. No sign-up required. A gerund is a verb that ends with -ing but functions as a noun. 9 Links verified on 7/14/2014. The red-card holders write down verbs followed by gerunds. The tiny little dog yipped at the package delivery man. Start studying Parts of Speech: Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 04. In most translations, the closest thing would be the infinitivo ( infinitive ). Mostly begins with to, A verb form that can be used as an adjective, usually end in -d or -ed, A phrase used entirely as an adjective. is the subject of the sentence. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 70,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. A gerund is a verb form that ends in -ing and functions as a noun or object in a sentence or phrase. ” Definite articles usually come before nouns. Take this quiz to satisfy the grammar whiz within!. Try to remember that: Gerunds are often used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. " The gerund phrase completes the being verb "is" and restates the subject. A gerund is a noun. Prepositional Phrase Type Quiz. Mar 01, 2017 · Okay. Singing – gerund, subject of the verb is. Online quiz to test your understanding of English -ING forms. Apr 17, 2015 · Welcome to another episode of Everyday Grammar on VOA Learning English. Although an absolute phrase may appear to be a phrase, it lacks a verb, so it is indeed a phrase. When-ing forms are used like nouns, they are called gerunds. A whole gerund phrase functions in a sentence just like a noun, and can act as a subject, an object, or a predicate nominative. (Uses the same verbs as the Straightforward Advanced Unit 2 Resource Pack activity. (Here, the gerund phrase consists of the gerund eating, the direct object blackberries, and the adverb quickly. And you’ve learned others that must be followed by gerunds. The word leaving is a gerund that serves the same purpose as a noun. [The small black poodle] wagged his tail excitedly. No (smoke) in this area. Despite his age, the old man enjoys jogging daily. Phrases and clauses. Read these examples:. Notice that other phrases, especially prepositional phrases, are frequently part of the gerund phrase. This consists of the verb together with its objects and other complements and modifiers. Gerunds plus their complements and/or modifiers are called gerund phrases. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 02. I am trying to recover my lost coins in the drain. Some verbs take only an infinitive. This is used in an active sense, that is the action in the participle phrase is one which the subject actively performs Example: • Realizing that there was no hope to save his business, he gave up. 43c GERUNDS, INFINITIVES, AND PARTICIPLES phrases such as go swimming, go fishing, go shopping, and go driving: I will go shopping[not go to shop] after work. Hodgkin, is always happy. Define gerund and gerund phrase. More examples. You can take this quiz and then check your answers right away. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing. Gerunds in Phrases Quiz. Congratulations - you have completed Interactive Phrase Quiz #2. Running marathons is a gerund phrase. Phrases and Clauses Quiz. Points to remember: 1. (direct object) Infinitive Phrase. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 04. I was surprised at them/their losing the race. Reading helps you improve your vocabulary. Marion always enjoys smiling at the camera.